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  1. Analysis Of Homer 's ' The Iliad And The Odyssey ' Essay
  2. Death and War
  3. Transcript, News, La Trobe University
  4. The Iliad – Homer – Poem: Story, Summary & Analysis

When he realizes that he has, in his madness, killed the sheep of the Greek army, he commits suicide.

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The real story starts when Odysseus manages to capture the Trojan prince Helenus, who has the gift of prophecy, and explains that the Greeks will not take Troy without the help of Philoctetes, who is still on the isle of Tenedos. Diomedes gets Philoctetes to the Greek camp, where the physician Machaon cures the wound that the snake had made. Philoctetes immediately kills Paris, whose body is ravaged by Menelaus.

Yet, the Trojans manage to recover the corpse and bury it. The fall of Troy is now near. Odysseus leaves for Skyros, where he finds Achilles' son Neoptolemus. The young man, who had been procreated when his father visited Deidameia during the first, failed attempt to reach Troy, gets his father's arms, has a vision of Achilles, and joins the Greek army.

His first act of bravery is killing Eurypylus, the son of Telephus, who had once been wounded and cured by Achilles.

Analysis Of Homer 's ' The Iliad And The Odyssey ' Essay

Troy can no longer hope for reinforcement, and Odysseus comes up with the idea of the Wooden Horse, which is built by Epeius, who receives instructions from Athena. To make sure that everything will go according to plan, Odysseus mutilates himself and enters Troy to spy upon his enemies. Helen recognizes him, and they agree upon a plan to hand over the city. Now, the city has no defenses any more. Fifty valiant soldiers enter the Wooden Horse, which is left on the beach, while the Greeks leave the Troad and go to Tenedos.

Death and War

The Little Iliad ends with the Trojans finding the Wooden Horse and towing it into their city in the mistaken belief that their troubles are finally over. When the Trojans have brought the Wooden Horse inside their city, they wonder what to do; some want to destroy it, others want to dedicate it to Athena, and their opinion prevails.

During their feasting, the Trojan priest Laocoon and his sons are killed by two snakes; Aeneas realizes that this is a bad omen, and leaves the city. Meanwhile, the Greek spy Sinon raises a light-signal, and the Greeks on Tenedos know that they can return to Troy.

When they have arrived, the fifty warriors leave the Wooden Horse, and Neoptolemus starts the massacre by killing Priam, who has fled to an altar. The son of Achilles seizes Andromache, Hector's widow, and brings her to his ship. Her son Astyanax is thrown from the walls by Odysseus. Menelaus finds Helen again, but when he sees her naked breasts, casts away his sword, and accepts her as his wife again.

Ajax, son of Ileus, tries to capture Cassandra, but she finds protection from a statue of Athena; when Ajax tears her away, the statue falls, and even the Greeks find this sacrilege unacceptable. He then explodes back onto the battlefield, kills the Trojan hero Hector, who had killed Patroclus, and mutilates his body. Ominously for Troy, the gods on the Greek side, notably Hera queen of the gods , Athena goddess of wisdom and war , and Poseidon god of the land and sea , represent a much more powerful force than the divine supporters of Troy, of whom Apollo the archer god and god of afar is the main figure.

But such is its quality and depth that it had a special place in antiquity, and probably survived for that reason.

Transcript, News, La Trobe University

Early epic poetry can be a way of maintaining the cultural memory of major conflicts. In its current arrangement most likely after the establishment of the Alexandrian library in the early third century B. Likewise the Greek attack on Troy was a collective quest drawing on forces from across the Greek world. The poignancy of life and death is enhanced by the fact that the victims of war are usually young.

The Iliad – Homer – Poem: Story, Summary & Analysis

Achilles is youthful and headstrong, and has a goddess for a mother, but even he has to die. We learn that he had been given a choice: a long life without heroic glory, or a short and glorious life in war. His choice of the latter marks him out as heroic, and gives him a kind of immortality.

But the other warriors too, including the Trojan hero Hector, are prepared to die young. But they can be affected by death. After his death, she will lead an existence of perpetual mourning for him. Immortality in Greek mythology can be a mixed blessing. The atrocities in the war at Troy are committed by Greeks on Trojans.

Homer's Iliad

The Trojan saga in the early Greek sources tells of the genocide of the Trojans, and the Greek poets explored some of the darkest impulses of human conduct in war. A knowledge of Homer became a standard part of Greek education, be it formal or informal. One can only imagine its value today had it survived.